1. After consulting with your pediatrician, document for a minimum of one day by charting ABC information on the attached chart. Work with the school team to document at school.
2. Use the results to determine if the behavior is avoidance, attention seeking or for communicative intent.
3. If the behavior is determined to be avoidance of academic tasks, the team may explore use of the following strategies:
- Visual Supports provide students with the help they may need in academic situations when work appears to be overwhelming. Use of ‘chunking’ is an example of a visual support that can make work appear ‘doable’. Refer to answers on this site listed in the resource section below for ‘chunking’ and other examples of visual supports.
- Try a “Build Your Own Schedule” strategy (see related resources below), allowing the student to choose the order of the tasks to be completed. This strategy gives the student control over the sequence of activities still within parameters. Providing structured choices within a framework like this can help a student be more receptive to completing non-preferred activities.
4. If the behavior is determined to be for attention all adults working with the child must be very careful of their responses. If an accident occurs, a clean up routine should be established with verbalizations kept to a minimum.
5. If the behavior is determined to be related to communication, be sure the child has a way to communicate his needs, anger, frustration. In this case, the child may be communicating a dislike for the activity. Work with the speech therapist to determine if this is a behavior that occurs often. Exploring some of the strategies listed above may help. In addition establishing a visual schedule of tasks, followed by a preferred activity may also serve to help the student receptively understand and accept non-preferred activities.
6. Establish a regular, consistent daily bathroom schedule. Chart the results of the child’s bathroom visits (specifically urine successes) for a minimum of 3 days. This information can be used to determine how often he should have a bathroom break on a regular basis.
7. As always-seek the opinion of a professional you may be working with such as behavior, speech or occupational therapists.