Some students benefit from visual supports that help clarify verbal information – such as using a Visual Recipe in cooking class. A Visual Recipe uses pictures to walk a student through identifying the ingredients, measuring the ingredients, and the steps involved when cooking with a recipe. The Visual Recipe will assist the student in understanding and sequencing the steps in the recipe. In addition, having pictures available provides the student with an alternative response form if they have limited or unintelligible speech (or even if they are just shy!). As the teacher, you can provide the student with a warning, telling when he or she has to respond, such as, “Sarah, get ready. After Adam tells us the first ingredient, I am going to ask you to tell the next one.” The student will then have time to reference the Visual Recipe and respond by either saying or pointing to the next ingredient when asked. To further assist the student in keeping pace with the class, he or she may be instructed to “check off” each step as it is completed. The Visual Recipe may also be sent home for the student to cook with his or her family!
I’m a Middle School FACS (Family and Consumer Sciences) teacher and I have a student with special needs in my class of 20 general education students. She’s not disruptive, but she also doesn’t participate very much. How can I help her get more out of my cooking classes?