Instruction for Children with Special Needs

Question Answer Relationship Strategy (Raphael 1986)
Situation: 

I am a 5th and 6th grade Learning Support Teacher and have several kids that struggle with reading comprehension and just can’t seem to  go back into a text to find an answer to a question when needed.  They just give up… At times I have highlighted where they can find some answers but that is time consuming and I’d like them to become more independent!  Any ideas?

School Store Social Skills
Situation: 

The students in my Life Skills class need more practice with social skills, but they always seem to clam up in those unstructured times like lunch and in between classes.  Is there something I can do to help them have more opportunities to interact?

In-School Community-Based Instruction
Situation: 

My older middle school Life Skills students need some community-based work experiences, but our school is located in a rural area without many opportunities nearby.  What can I do to help them learn some beneficial work skills?

Writing on Desks: A Novel Approach to Skill Practice
Situation: 

As a math teacher, I must have students practice new problems daily. We typically use paper or worksheets I have prepared. When this part of class begins, I have some students who just sit and do not participate. They are not disruptive but there is also no attempt to try the problems. I know they can probably do the work – or at least attempt it. I do have a few other students who just start talking during this part of class. Is there any way to change these behaviors or motivate them to try the problems?

For Adults Only II: Team Building with Reminders, Reinforcers, and P.E.A.R.L.s
Situation: 

I have a great team in my classroom but sometimes we are not on the same page when it comes to providing preventative or consequential interventions with students. One person might talk too much to a student giving attention to behaviors of concern and inadvertently increase the behavior, while another person may not do enough. Sometimes the basics of student interactions are just not there. What can I do to make us a more cohesive team with our interventions?

For Adults Only: Team Building with Reminders and Reinforcers
Situation: 

I have a great team in my classroom but sometimes we are not all on the same page when it comes to providing preventative or consequential interventions with our students. One person might talk too much to a student, giving attention to behaviors of concern and inadvertently increasing the behavior while another person may not do enough. Sometimes even  the basics of student interactions are just not there. What can I do to make us a more cohesive team with providing  our interventions?

Using Sticky Notes and Strips to Adapt a Task
Situation: 

I am a paraprofessional who works with a student in regular education settings and in a Support Room. He has a very hard time working. I’ve learned many strategies and have used them with some success but sometimes he will just groan and refuse to work. The other day he was doing so well and had finished 3 papers but refused to do the last one. I know he could do it but he just wouldn’t think and fill in the answers. What do I do in those cases?  I hate to just say he doesn’t have to do it – that seems like going backwards and giving in.

Embedding IEP Goals and Objectives
Situation: 

I am having difficulty finding time to teach my students goals/objectives. How can I get this accomplished?

Learning Contracts
Situation: 

I have a student in my class who is always behind schedule on projects and comes up with a million excuses as to why the work is not completed. Is there anything I can do to help her take responsibility and ownership of her learning?

Green Dot to Red Dot: Visual Chunking Strategy to Teach Classwork Independence
Situation: 

One of the students in my Learning Support class requires prompting and reassurance for every problem on his math worksheet.  I want him to complete tasks more independently but he is constantly asking me for help or if his answer is correct.  I can’t work with other students who also need my help with all of these interruptions.  Do you have any suggestions?