Add the strategy instruction into your lesson plan to ensure that you have time to teach and model use of the strategy.
Explain the categories and subcategories of questions.
|IN THE BOOK
||IN MY HEAD
|Right There – Answer is easily found in the text. Often found in a single sentence of the text and the words used to create the question are often “right there” as well.
||Author and You – Answer is NOT in the text. The student must combine previous knowledge with text information to CREATE his/her own response.
|Think and Search – Answer is in the text, but you may have to look in different places in the selection.
||On My Own – Answer NOT in the text. Answer comes 100% from student and his/her experiences. Requires thought, creativity and imagination. Student may not have even had to read the text to answer!
3. Provide a reading selection (at instructional reading level or below to
practice the strategy) and a set of questions about its content. Model the
placement of the questions into the QAR model and model responding to each.
4. Allow kids to work in pairs or small groups to do the same activity while you walk the room and monitor. If kids are struggling, go back and model the strategy use with the full group.
5. When students are comfortable placing question types into the QAR framework, you can then provide them with a reading passage and have THEM develop the different types of questions from its content. They can then evaluate their own questions.
References: Raphel, T.E. (1984). Teaching learners about sources of information for answering comprehension questions. Journal of Reading, 27, 303-311.
Raphael, T.E. (1986). Teaching question-answer relationships. The Reading Teacher, 39, 516-520.