There may be more complex reasons for behaviors defined by family members as “tics” that can not be addressed in this educational forum. If there is a diagnosis of OCD or Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, see a professional who specializes in this area. This may include a family physician, a psychiatrist, and/or a cognitive behavioral therapist.
For this educational forum we will provide an example of how to discern causes and consequences of the behavior in the school setting by using an ABC Chart. That information will then be used to create possible strategies. In this example the cause of the behavior is work that is presented and perceived by the student as overwhelming. The consequence is the attention given to the behavior that then maintains it. Strategies to make work “doable” including “chunking” and “choices”are briefly presented. These strategies can be found in other answers on this site (see resources below). The use of interruption and redirection vs. attention to the behaviors, interrupts or stops the behavior and then redirects it to a more appropriate or desired response.
My child has multiple diagnoses including ADHD, PDD NOS, and OCD. He has many self-calming behaviors and vocal tics in school. He may clear his throat and ‘zone out.’ He may keep his fingers crossed. These behaviors are concerning me. What can I do to decrease them?